Today, the World Wide Web turns 30. How did the WWW become the powerhouse that it is today?
Here’s a brief history lesson:
1989 – The World Wide Web is invented
Tim Berners-Lee, a British Computer Scientist, invents the World Wide Web whilst working at CERN. Berners-Lee wrote his proposal for a new information management system that would connect scientists in institutes and universities around the world. The initial purpose was to share information and build knowledge worldwide.
1990 – Fundamental technologies
In October 1990, the three fundamental technologies had been written, HTML, URI and HTTP (these remain the fundamentals of today’s web).
1991 – WWW becomes reality
The system becomes a reality with the first web pages coming to life.
1993-1994 – Browsers come to life
The web’s transition to the mainstream was aided by the appearance of Mosaic, a user-friendly browser. A year later Netscape Navigator had an 8% share of web browser usage by 1996. The browser really did begin to change everything. By the end of 1994 there were a million browser copies in use.
In 1993, CERN’s directors declared that WWW technology would be freely usable by anyone, with no fees being payable to the company. This decision a true milestone in the history of the web.
1997 – Google is established
Google came on the scene and established a dominant market position. Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page created Google in order to organize information on the internet and help users find the information they were looking for.
1998 – The birth of commercial sites
By 1998 there were 750,000 commercial sites on the web, which meant significant changes for existing industries. For example, users were able to compare prices for airlines, hotels, fares and accommodation.
The web has come a long way since the late 90s. In 2019 Tim Berners-Lee is now reflecting on his creation, not only celebrating its success but looking at the more negative side of the web including hacking and harassment, aggressive discussions and looking at business models that reward clickbait.
If you’re looking for a way to celebrate the web’s 30th birthday, CERN has rebuilt the original web browser that was developed on an Apple NeXT computer in 1990. You can have a play around and open URLs, edit hypertext documents and create links in the browser.
What are your internet highlights? Let us know on Twitter, tweet us @Hyve!